Baroque is a typical artistic style that represents European culture. The word BARROCO, which originated from the Portuguese BARROCO, means “non-round pearl.” In Italian, BAROCC is “strange, eccentric, deformed” and other explanations. In French, “Baroque” means “gorgeous” and “messy”. The term was originally used by Europeans to refer to “works lacking classical balance”. It was originally used by people advocating classical art in the 18th century to refer to the 17th century as different from the Renaissance style. Now this artistic style is widely used in painting, clothing, architecture and furniture design, especially baroque classical furniture is loved by people all over the world.
The development trend of European Baroque furniture is to break the serious static state of classicism and form a romantic and changeable design. It integrates woodworking, sculpture, collage, mosaic, rotary wood, weaving and other technologies to pursue luxurious, enthusiastic, solemn and classical artistic effects. But each country has its own characteristics. Italian Baroque furniture is gorgeous, Dutch Baroque furniture is elegant, French Baroque furniture is luxurious, German Baroque furniture is dignified, British Baroque furniture is fine, American Baroque furniture is simple, Spanish Baroque furniture is simple. From the Baroque furniture culture and art of Louis XIV period in France, Europe has formed a French-centered furniture culture and art development movement.
During the French Louis XIV dynasty, the smelting technology was very high at that time, and a large number of bronze ornaments were used as inlays and metal fittings for solid wood furniture. At the same time, the printing technology has been freely developed, and strong colors are favored. The materials used for gold-plated and silver-plated furniture were replaced by gold and silver-like “gold and silver powder”.
Baroque furniture abandons the direct imitation of architectural decoration, discards the method of dividing the surface of the furniture into many small frames, and the complex and gorgeous surface decoration. Instead, it concentrates the expressive details and simplifies the unnecessary parts into key points. To enhance the harmonious effect of the overall decoration, completely get rid of the situation that furniture design has always been subordinate to architectural design, which is a leap in furniture design.
The adornment of baroque furniture exterior becomes more wonderful after 1650, at this moment from China and Japan introduced big lacquer besmear to act the role of, carve lacquer and art of shell carving enchased, make the surface adornment of furniture appears more luxurious. From the early solid wood surface into the coating, gold plating, color painting and fine wood Mosaic technology refined the decorative surface.
The Baroque designed chair is carefully carved with scroll decoration and all kinds of virtual decoration. It has a wide seating surface, a large square back, deep relief and bending at the armrest, and a scroll chair leg underneath. The surface is carved and gold-coated, covered with velvet, silk fabrics and printed leather, some with tassels. The top of the Baroque cabinet uses eaves and gables, and scrolls to add the images of angels, flowers, mermaids, lions, eagles and blacks to the surface of the board and decorate it with gold and paintings of shells, leaves, which make it more noble and luxurious. Baroque designed tables are also sculpted and given a peculiar stretching shape; in addition, the luxury bed with complex scroll legs is more like creating a luxury paradise full of romantic colors.
In the Renaissance, the style of furniture was a shrinking style of architecture. Although the “humanity” was used as the principle of artistic design during the Renaissance, the Baroque style should be the first to be the design principle for the needs of life. Baroque furniture takes the romantic spirit as the starting point of design, changes the seriousness and rationality of classicism, and gives furniture more kindness and softness.